Sinus Augmentation

Sinus augmentation, also known as a sinus lift procedure, is a surgical dental procedure performed to increase the amount of bone in the upper jaw (maxilla) in the area of the premolars and molars. This procedure is commonly done when there is insufficient bone height in the back part of the upper jaw to support dental implants. Sinus augmentation creates additional space by lifting the sinus membrane upward and placing bone grafting material beneath it. This new bone graft integrates with the existing bone, providing a stable foundation for dental implant placement.

Here's an overview of the sinus augmentation procedure:
1. Assessment and Treatment Planning: a cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan will be used to evaluate the amount of available bone in your upper jaw and determine whether a sinus augmentation is needed.
2. Anesthesia: The procedure is typically performed under local anesthesia, and additional sedation options may be offered to ensure your comfort during the surgery.
3. Access to the Sinus: An incision is made in the gum tissue at the area of the premolars and molars to expose the underlying bone.
4. Lifting the Sinus Membrane: The sinus membrane, which lines the sinus cavity, is gently lifted away from the underlying bone to create a space for the bone grafting material. This creates a protective barrier between the sinus and the graft.
5. Bone Graft Placement: Bone graft material, which can be synthetic, donated, or your own bone, is placed into the space between the sinus membrane and the existing bone. This bone graft serves as a scaffold for new bone growth.
6. Closure and Healing: The incision is sutured closed, and the surgical site is allowed to heal. Over the next several months, the bone graft material integrates with your existing bone.
7. Dental Implant Placement: After the bone graft has fully integrated (a process called osseointegration), dental implants can be placed into the newly augmented bone. The implants provide a stable foundation for prosthetic teeth.

Benefits of Sinus Augmentation:
Implant Placement: Sinus augmentation enables the placement of dental implants in cases where there is insufficient bone height in the upper jaw.
Improved Aesthetics: Dental implants supported by sinus augmentation can restore natural-looking aesthetics and function.
Preservation of Facial Structure: By increasing bone volume, sinus augmentation helps maintain facial structure and prevent the appearance of a sunken-in look.
Long-Term Solution: Once the graft has integrated, the additional bone provides a stable foundation for implants that can last for many years with proper care.

Sinus augmentation is a surgical procedure that requires a skilled oral surgeon or periodontist with experience in implant dentistry.
Adequate healing time is necessary before dental implant placement to ensure the success of the implants.
The specific bone graft material used, surgical technique, and healing period can vary based on the individual patient's needs.

If you're considering dental implants in the upper jaw and have insufficient bone height due to a low sinus floor, consult with an experienced dental professional to discuss whether sinus augmentation is a suitable option for you. They can provide personalized guidance based on your oral health needs and treatment goals.