Implant surgery is a dental procedure that involves the placement of dental implants within the jawbone to replace missing teeth. Dental implants are artificial tooth roots typically made of biocompatible materials like titanium. They provide a strong foundation for fixed or removable replacement teeth that match the appearance and function of natural teeth. Implant surgery is a well-established and successful treatment option for individuals with missing teeth.
Here's an overview of the implant surgery process:
1. Initial Consultation: During this visit, your oral health will be assessed, including the quality and quantity of your jawbone, your overall health, and any specific requirements you may have.CBCT is needed to evaluate the implant site.
2. Treatment Planning: Based on the assessment, a personalized treatment plan is created. This plan includes the number of implants needed, their location, and any additional procedures required, such as bone grafting if your jawbone lacks sufficient volume.
3. Implant Placement: On the day of surgery, local anesthesia or sedation is administered to ensure your comfort. The oral surgeon or dentist then makes an incision in the gum tissue to expose the jawbone, creating a space for the implant. The implant is carefully placed into the bone. In some cases, a temporary restoration may be placed on the implant during the healing period.
4. Osseointegration: Over the next few months, a process called osseointegration occurs. This involves the implant fusing with the surrounding bone. During this period, your jawbone grows around the implant, securing it firmly in place.
5. Abutment Placement: Once osseointegration is complete, a minor surgical procedure is performed to attach an abutment to the implant. The abutment acts as a connector between the implant and the final restoration.
6. Final Restoration: After the gums have healed around the abutment, your dentist will take impressions of your mouth to create your custom-made crown, bridge, or denture. This restoration is designed to match the appearance and function of your natural teeth.
7. Follow-Up Visits: After the final restoration is placed, you will have follow-up visits to ensure the implant is functioning properly and your oral health is maintained. Regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene are essential for the longevity of your implant.
Benefits of Implant Surgery:
Permanent Solution: Dental implants are a long-term solution for missing teeth that can last for many years with proper care.
Natural Appearance and Function: Implants look, feel, and function like natural teeth. They are stable and don't require adhesives like dentures.
Preservation of Bone: Implants stimulate the jawbone, helping prevent bone loss that can occur when teeth are missing.
Improved Speech and Chewing: Implants restore your ability to speak and eat comfortably and confidently.
Adjacent Teeth Preservation: Unlike dental bridges, adjacent teeth don't need to be prepared or altered to support the implant.
Implant surgery is generally successful, but it's important to choose a skilled dental professional with experience in implant placement.
Good overall health and adequate bone density are important factors for implant success. Periodontal disease should ideally be treated and brought under control before undergoing dental implant surgery. Periodontal disease can lead to gum inflammation, bone loss, and other complications that may affect the success of dental implant surgery and the long-term stability of the implants.
It's important to note that the success of dental implant surgery depends on a combination of factors, including the overall health of your mouth and your general health. Treating periodontal disease before proceeding with implant surgery not only increases the likelihood of successful implant integration but also contributes to your overall oral health and well-being. If you have concerns about periodontal disease and dental implant surgery, consult with a qualified dental professional who can evaluate your situation and recommend the best course of action.